- Category: Recent materials
- Created: Friday, 16 February 2018 20:19
- Written by Maxim Alexandrov
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In modern geopolitical conditions the Eurasian macroregion becomes the center of factor interactions of various groups of actors at both the extra-regional and regional levels. The regions of the South Caucasus and Central Asia have become key components of various multimodal alliances entering this zone.
At the same time this zone became the point of intersection of geostrategic and military-political interests of the leading world powers - the USA, the Russian Federation and the PRC. And if these territories are the basis for geo-economic integration processes for Russia and China then for the USA is the spread of influence in this area to ensure deterrence of competing states taking into account the border situation with the sub regional zone of the Greater Middle East and the "Afghan zone".
Along with the problem of geopolitical confrontation the challenges remain topical for the regions within this zone related to instability and frozen conflicts as well as terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking and the activities of illegal armed groups.
Each of the parties is building its own bloc model: the US and its allies through involving the structures and resources of the North Atlantic Alliance in the framework of multi-level systems of bilateral agreements as well as programs such as "Partnership for Peace"; Russia, China and others developing the systems of different levels of unification of the Unified Energy System and the SCO ensure a "parity zone" through national military and political components in particular the Collective Security Treaty Organization, which actually ensured acceptable military and political integration at the CIS level supporting the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.