Информационно-аналитический портал polit-asia.kz - Security
Saturday 23 February 2019

Security

ISIL in the north of Afghanistan

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Currently in the north of Afghanistan in particular in the provinces of Jowzjan and Sari-Pul there is an increase in the number of foreign fighters who belong to the terrorist group "Islamic State" (IS is a terrorist organization banned in many states).
According to the law enforcement agencies of the country the militants penetrate into Afghanistan through the territory of Pakistan, where they arrive roughly through the port of Karachi. Further they move via land route, along mountain trails across the state border with the assistance of conductors from among local residents.

Upon arrival the militants are taken to the camp in the provinces, which is located in the village of Bibimaryam in Darzab county, where they are registered first and are further distributed to the provinces.
In Afghanistan militants come from the territories of Algeria, Sudan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and the Chechen Republic. However the last arrival has been registered from the territory of the EU countries in particular from the territory of France.

Asymmetric military political alliances and units. Regional dimension

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Recently the Council of NATO and regional military alliances 2018 was opened in Norfolk organized by the Advisory Committee on Defense Policy, the Command of the US Special Operations Forces and the Council for Consultation, Command and Control of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The main agenda of the event is devoted to the vectors of NATO development taking into account the experience of current conflicts in the context of the growing dynamics of conflict situations in the Alliance's areas of responsibility. The work will result in the development of a conceptual and analytical base for the Council for Consultation, Command and Control of NATO.

The main presentation was the US-NATO program: Global Challenges and Prospects by the Special Representative of the Middle East Division of the US Department of Defense's Main Directorate for Military Evaluation and Analysis, Daniel Birch. The document defined the status quo of the military-political unit both in US foreign policy and in the global design of world military alliances that is military-political and geopolitical analysis, and the applied methodological base and the main position were adopted as a theoretical basis for the future development of the North Atlantic Alliance. In fact the program provisions consolidated the transition of US-NATO relations and alliance allies to a qualitatively new level within the framework of the recently adopted new edition of the US National Security Strategy.

Extremism extension social media. Kyrgyzstan view

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Kyrgyzstan attempts to stop the activities of recruiters of religious extremism via the Internet, social networks and messengers are not such an easy way as it seems at first glance.

In continuation of the material "Results of Religious Activity in Kyrgyzstan" we will try to reveal the current situation at the technical level on religious extremism and the recruitment of Kyrgyz citizens, who are fighting under the flag of various terrorist organizations. We managed to analyze the situation in Kyrgyzstan taking into account the opinions of qualified experts on competence.

For example recently the newspaper “Novye Litsa” published a survey of the Institute of Media Policies among Kyrgyz respondents on the subject of media literacy in Kyrgyzstan, where among interviewed 1200 people it turned out that young people regularly use social networks, Internet sites, messengers in addition to watching TV programs.

According to the Institute of Media Policies social media are also used to receive news content, where the popularity rating is as follows: 28.0% of respondents receive news from the WhatsApp messenger, 2.3% - Facebook, 0.7% - Telegram and the most popular source (25.6%) is Youtube, 21.4% is Odnoklassniki, 13.1% - Instagram, 7.5% - Facebook, 0.8% - Twitter, 0.4% - Vkontakte and only 0, 2% answered that they do not use social networks and messengers.
But the most significant for obtaining information is television in comparison with Internet resources.

Kyrgyzstan under the globalist’s scope

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On December 7 a meeting of opposition activist Edil Baisalov ex-leader of the pro-Western NGO “Coalition for Democracy and Civil Society” was held with representatives of Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs) a non-governmental organization of the Great Britain located in the prestigious London district of Mayfair.

The main theme of the event was Baisalov's report on the opportunities and problems of the new leadership of Kyrgyzstan after the presidential elections and more precisely the necessary reforms in Chatham House's view taking into account the stability in the country where Edil Baisalov shared his views on the issues facing the new government in the short term and medium term.

This event corresponds to the Chatham House mandate entitled "The Russia and Eurasia Program", which addresses the issues of internal dynamics and external interests in Central Asia, which includes research, the organization of training and expert meetings and the publication of scientific publications aimed at reviewing the policies of the Russian Federation, the states Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the South Caucasus.

Chinese obstacles to the world hegemony

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I

In American history there the same thing happened twice that is the same curious process, first influential circles in the US helped strengthen communist regimes and then were forced to conduct uncompromising struggle with these regimes.
So in the October Revolution of 1917 there is also an "American trace" in the form of financial and other support to the odious Lev Trotsky [1]; in the course of Stalin's industrialization (1929-1941) "two-thirds of all large industrial enterprises in the USSR were built with the help of America or with American technical assistance" [2]; after the German attack the USSR began to receive American assistance in Lend-Lease (1942-1945). After the second half of the 40's it was began the tough American opposition and its satellites against the USSR and its allies.

At one time American economist Anthony Sutton paid attention to this (1925-2002) as the author of the well-known three-volume "Western technologies and the development of the Soviet economy." He also came to the conclusion that the conflicts of the Cold War era were conducted not to contain communism but to obtain multibillion-dollar contracts for the supply of weapons [3].

The same story was repeated with China controlled by the Communists, whose modernization (since 1978) also took place with the most active participation of the United States. Meanwhile there are differences from the Soviet case.
First despite the recent aggravation of the US-China relationship it did not come to a full-fledged Cold War. Although in case of further strengthening of China something similar may happen in the foreseeable future.

After catching up with America China achieved greater economic indicators than the USSR at the peak of its power. But in the military sphere China is far from parity with the US. Definitely the example of the USSR, whose economy collapsed under the weight of military spending went to the Chinese comrades for future use.

Lebanon war threatens the Middle East

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The Lebanon situation testifies growing threat of a new serious war in the Middle East region. In recent months becoming the arena of military operations in the long-suffering country there were reports of the destruction of the terrorist groups that operated there repeatedly in modern history.

It seems that the gradual stabilization of the situation was also facilitated by the long-awaited establishment of the coalition government in 2016 (after serious disagreements of the disputes parties). However the expectations this breakthrough will resolve the political crisis and allow to start solving social and economic problems have not been justified.

First of all disagreements between the Lebanese are only intensified after that because of the Sunni-Shiite contradictions undermining peace in the country. The fact is that the government coalition establishment on the basis of the pro-Iranian Shiite movement Hezbollah and the former Sunni political elite of the Al Mustakbal movement markedly strengthened the position of the first.

In addition to the growth of its power the displacement from Lebanon affected on Sunni militants from the "Jebhat al-Nusra" (now "Hayat Tahrir al-Sham") and "Islamic State" (IS) restricted in Russia.
As a result Hezbollah henchmen have become stronger in the country's power including the presidential administration and security forces. According to its opponent there was an immediate threat of seizing key control points in Lebanon.
This forced all the opponents of Hezbollah to think about an adequate response to such a challenge and not only Sunnis but also Christians as well as the Druze which they had fought against repeatedly in the past.

Religion treason through western cult member’s funds

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Tajikistan is one of the poorest countries in Central Asia with a rapidly declining economy and rising public debt. In this connection the low standard of living of the population becomes apparent where more than a third of who live in total poverty and increasingly meets problems related to the creeds of citizens.

In the past few years due to economic fall of the well-being of the population there began to appear such religious organizations as Seventh-day Adventists, Hare Krishna’s and Baptists in the republic. It is difficult to imagine such a thing that happens all in the country, where 97% of the indigenous population of Tajikistan professes Islam as the first place in the country. Protestantism takes the second place. In modern Tajikistan Protestants are from 9 to 12 thousand people. This number includes Pentecostals (4.7 thousand, including the Korean movement Sonmin Sunbogym), Presbyterians from the mission Sonmin Grace (1.5 thousand), Adventists, Baptists and Lutherans etc. According to open sources data it is Tajiks suddenly decided to change their God but previously professed Islam for many years.

According to information received from the Committee for Religious Affairs under the Government of Tajikistan there are currently 98 non-Islamic organizations in the country, where 20 are not registered. Before the independence of Tajikistan in 1992 only 5 such organizations were registered in the country.

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